Spring 2017 Animator Count

Spring 2017 Animator Count

With a bit of delay, here’s our seasonal feature looking into the numbers of TV anime: how many key animators and animation directors the new Spring 2017 TV series required, as well as the degree of outsourcing involved. Complete with commentary to contextualize the data as usual, which this time focuses some nasty recent industry trends.

The usual disclaimers that nonetheless get ignored when the data goes viral and is decontextualized:

  • For the most part, less is more. Having many key animators might be a sign that the animation was demanding, but nowadays it’s often at levels that indicate disastrous productions more than anything else. The presence of many animation directors in particular tends to be really bad, as it often means they were desperate to find artists to fix the low quality animation they’d received. Averaging anything more than a handful, even with specialized roles, marks doom – we’re talking about a role that used to be in the hands of one person after all!
  • But again, use this data to interpret the results you see in these productions rather than as an objective, mathematical truth. Not all projects operate the same way and trends aren’t invariable. In fact, as you’ll see when you scroll down and despite the very first warning I opened up, some of the shows that had the least animators this season are poorly crafted series that simply didn’t intend to have any animation whatsoever.
  • As usual, the list includes basically all new full-length Spring 2017 except for long running/daytime projects that simply operate in different ways. Some of the individual exceptions also include shows that had credits so incomplete that the results would have been greatly misleading.
  • Which takes us to the next point: these are inherently incomplete estimates, because the full data is never available. Last season a member of ufotable praised this initiative but noted that it actually took more people, which is to be expected as I tend to count studios listed with no given names as 2-3 animators depending on the circumstances (since that’s on the conservative side of what it tends to be like in such cases). Just keep in mind that it takes even more animators than this, and I’m not even tracking in-betweeners.
  • The animation director count is a more exact science; this counts all the animation supervision roles except the chief animation director, in case it’s a single person for the whole series as that’s not quite an episode credit. Otherwise, this is all of them…though there was one case where a studio was listed without disclosing which member(s) supervised the animation. No role is safe in this messy industry!
  • The outsourcing data is more detailed this time, since I attempted to separate subcontracted key animators from clean-up, thus tracking 3 different levels of outsourcing.
  • Read the comments after the data!

Click here for all the spreadsheets featuring the in-depth Spring 2017 animator count.

Full per episode key animation (1st and clean-up/2nd KA) chart, including outsourcing data. Click to expand.


Average number of key animators per episode. Click to expand.

If you have been following these in previous seasons, you might be able to immediately tell that this season was…a bit of a mess, to put it plainly. The studios and project leaders who traditionally manage projects in a smooth way didn’t have a new series, and even the biggest Spring productions were on the rougher side. As I mentioned in the initial disclaimers, the top is occupied by shows that were conceptually very stingy and thus didn’t require tons of animators, so it’s hardly a management feat to praise them for. The Eccentric Family 2 (a more conservative production than its predecessor to boot) was the show that came the closest to the ideal level of few animators who nonetheless do a satisfactory job, but in the end the strain on the studio over producing two shows at the same time hurt its second half. I would still point to it and Grimoire of Zero as the best-managed projects of Spring, but that’s not a high bar this time. This season was poor by anime industry standards, which is very bad.

Chart representing the fully outsourced episodes, as well as outsourced key animation and clean-up work. Click to expand.

There were 7 series with all episodes produced at the studios in charge of the series, with 0 of them actually animating (let alone handling other aspects) the whole show – that’s what you get on a season with no KyoAni, so better get used to it. The idea that the studios you see credited for making a show don’t quite do that is one of the major hurdles left for the fandom to actually understand anime. But let’s go back to those 7 shows that at least tried to achieve that goal. One of them pulled a bit of a trick: SukaSuka was a coproduction between Satelight and C2C, so each of them had less work than usual and in the end they didn’t need to fully subcontract any episode to an entirely different company. If you’ve been following its coverage on this site, you’ll know that despite needing the help of about half the industry by the end, Attack on Titan S2 was managed by WIT all the way through; quite the evolution from the first season’s 9 outsourced episodes, so credit where credit is due. Some other cases like Grimoire of Zero are understandable, as studio White Fox is attempting to slowly move towards a more self-sustainable model. Eromanga Sensei managed it as well because A-1 is a massive freelancing house that can afford that for some projects now and then, whereas The Eccentric Family 2 and Akashic Records marked the first time their studios kept the process in-house (with massive caveats of course). I wish I could point at the unusually large number of series that kept the production process to the studio manufacturing the show as a positive, but even these weren’t particularly clean projects. Again, not the best season in an already messy landscape.

And speaking of outsourcing, this time I’ve made an effort to further distinguish between kinds of subcontracting, separating key animation and 2nd key animation/clean-up. This isn’t a perfect method by any means and there’s actually more outsourced bits of key animation than this data would lead you to think; the distinction between freelance artists and those attached to a studio but approached individually for an episode at another company can be blurry, and credits are simply incomplete on a regular basis. That said, this does illustrate the point that it’s more common to subcontract other companies to clean up your messy animation than trusting them to draw it in the first place. Should come as no surprise, but now you have numbers to tell you that.

Average number of various animation supervisors per episode. Click to expand.

The animation director data is self-descriptive as ever, though I would say that it’s the most interesting part this time. That the number of artists required to finish an episode has skyrocketed is obvious, as is the fact that having a dozen of supervisors for ~20 minutes of content is unsustainable nonsense. But obvious tragedies aside, there’s an interesting nuance to this disaster: it seems like the number of animation directors is now growing at a disproportionate pace when compared to the growth of other roles when it comes to many productions. This has been happening for a while, but this season in particular we found its most illustrative example in the form of Hinako Note. It had a moderate number of key animators and yet averaged an obscene 12 animation directors per episode. And what’s more than that, it regularly featured more chief animation directors than standard ones. As you might already know, those chief TV supervisors focus on design consistency over improving the quality of the movement, which tends to be left in the hands of regular animation directors. So, why do that? To disregard animation, in favor of static art quality – for a very questionable definition of quality anyway, since you won’t exactly get expressive drawings by obsessing with design consistency. And this is a real, perhaps worrying trend with anime. Being forced to sacrifice something just to stay alive, many projects are just dropping animation as a priority. It’s not as if all anime needs constant movement to thrive (and anyone who thinks that has ever been the standard should refresh their memory a little bit), but we’re dealing with an industry that was already majorly working under limitations. To put things as plainly as possible, nothing good will come out of less animated anime.

Support us on Patreon to help us reach our new goal to sustain the animation archive at Sakugabooru, Sakuga Video on Youtube, as well as this Sakuga Blog. Thanks to everyone who’s helped out so far!

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3 years ago

I remember you saying that the Attack on Titan production went through such a hell because they were so engrossed in having everything on model so that no picture of an off-model character went viral, but my question is: when did a popular off-model meme affect sales? This really confuses me. Yuri on Ice (worst example ever) was constantly off-model (though not for the best reasons) with people constantly commenting about it and it didn’t affect it the least, so where did that believe arise from…

J.P. Turcotte
3 years ago

Highly informative, as always. Thank you!

3 years ago

I nearly choked on my water when I saw Hinako Note’s AD numbers. Jeeezus.
And that was after gawking at the EIGHTY THREE KA on Attack on Titan #12. Is that the highest since starting this?

3 years ago

Thank you for dedicating the time and effort to collect this information; it’s a good snapshot of the current state of the industry. I don’t have any answers for the problems you present in this post, of course, and I may be asking myself stupid questions here: But is the only way to fix the strain the industry is bearing right now to lessen the demand for anime so that the limited pool of animators can work on fewer productions at a time? If that is so, is the investment that foreign companies such as Crunchyroll are making in the… Read more »

3 years ago

So when you say incomplete credits it’s because a studio as a whole is credited so you don’t know everyone who worked on the production, correct? Or is there more to this stat?