We’re back once more with some Attack on Titan coverage, to catch you up with the production developments of the third season but especially to talk about the action frenzy in the second episode that’s left many viewers speechless. Time to see who’s behind it all!
Storyboard (絵コンテ, ekonte): The blueprints of animation. A series of usually simple drawings serving as anime's visual script, drawn on special sheets with fields for the animation cut number, notes for the staff and the matching lines of dialogue. More: Takayuki Hirao
Episode Director: Shintaro Itoga
Chief Animation Director (総作画監督, Sou Sakuga Kantoku): Often an overall credit that tends to be in the hands of the character designer, though as of late messy projects with multiple Chief ADs have increased in number; moreso than the regular animation directors, their job is to ensure the characters look like they're supposed to. Consistency is their goal, which they will enforce as much as they want (and can).: Satoshi Kadowaki
Animation Director: Megumi Tomita, Mai Tejima, Yasuho Tamura
Action Animation Director: Arifumi Imai, Yuko Sera
Key Animation (原画, genga): These artists draw the pivotal moments within the animation, basically defining the motion without actually completing the cut. The anime industry is known for allowing these individual artists lots of room to express their own style.: Megumi Tomita, Yasuho Tamura, Arifumi Imai, Yuko Sera, Takuma Ebisu, Miki Komuro, Shunsuke Aoki, Mamiko Nakanishi, Toshihiko Masuda, Koya Kamakura, Masafumi Yamamoto, Mika Saito, Naoto Yoshida, Ayu Tanaka, Hiroyuki Uchida, Saho Mizuno, Sakura Takayama, Tomoyuki Oshita, Teruki Nishijima, Manabu Yasumoto, Eri Kamiyama, Naoko Koyama, Achille Bibard
─ As you might recall from our coverage of the second season, Takayuki Hirao is one of the biggest names attached to this franchise. Fans love to poke fun at chief director Tetsuro Araki because his two registers are loud and louder, but due to the excellent net of acquaintances that he’s maintained ever since his beginnings at studio Madhouse, at the end of the day he can be quite the resourceful individual. And among all those talented friends, Hirao stands out for many reasons; not only is he a stunning director who acted as ufotable’s de facto leader for many years, he’s also essentially a full-time Araki assistant now that he’s left his previous studio and gone freelance – it can hardly be considered helping out a friend anymore, since he’s been focusing almost exclusively on Araki’s works ever since the God Eater fiasco. And collaborating with his old pal means that over the last few years he’s handled a bunch of Attack on Titan‘s climactic moments, so it’s in no way surprising that he’s been entrusted with the first major action setpieces of this new season.
─ What did Hirao bring to the table this time around then? The framing is more attractive than usual, though hardly his most evocative storyboards, even among his contributions to this franchise. Instead, he concentrated all his energy on the action, which won’t be as plentiful as usual in this iteration of the series and thus needs to pack lasting impact. Hirao can conceptualize ridiculously complex sequences, which in this case aren’t only impressive in their spatial intricacy but also the immersive aspect he added in simpler shots too. But beyond anything else, what leaves people in awe regarding his fighting scenes is the masterful grasp of tempo. There’s nothing Hirao loves more than slowing down a frantic moment and letting it bask in its own glory, just to follow it up with another burst of animation. Pairing up those qualities with a certain Sakuga (作画): Technically drawing pictures but more specifically animation. Western fans have long since appropriated the word to refer to instances of particularly good animation, in the same way that a subset of Japanese fans do. Pretty integral to our sites' brand. star has historically led to some of the most iconic sequences in the whole franchise. Which brings us to the next point…
─ Jeez, Arifumi Imai. Attack on Titan‘s main action animator needs no introduction at this point, though weirdly enough he does deserve even more recognition than he’s getting. The fact that he essentially defined the visual vocabulary of this show’s battles, to the point of having influenced almost everyone else regularly contributing to it, wasn’t enough to satisfy him. Since his vision is so integral to Attack on Titan‘s action, Imai’s begun storyboarding his own sequences, which are often produced in advance to use as eye-catching promotional material. Though many of the concepts this time around are in line with Hirao’s approach, like the immersive dynamism with Levi constantly sliding towards and away from the viewer, the truth is that Imai himself storyboarded the entire chase scene, which he then took about a month to personally key animate. A thrilling scene that bruteforces the coexistence between 3D backgrounds and 2D animation by going fast enough that you won’t pay much mind to questionable details but also not so nimble that it’s impossible to follow. Imai himself always makes a point to thank the whole team that enables his ambitious sequences, but it’s no exaggeration to say that without him, Attack on Titan definitely wouldn’t be what it is.
─ Since we won’t be covering the show on the regular, allow me to at least summarize some key points regarding the production as a whole. For those worried about its state, all I’d say is that this is shaping up to be more of the same. Studio WIT being quite busy and having lost one of the 3 Chief Animation Directors that had composed the rotation supporting this show ever since the beginning could be reasons to worry, but I’d still bet on a stable madness similar to the second season, as opposed to the first series that got truly out of hand for the studio. Say what you will about WIT’s policies (which you should, because they’re terrible) but they’ve become consistent in their messes – often in the brink of destruction, but rarely beyond that line. If anything, the unexpected issue in this third season is the decision to put an end to the make-up animation techniques that had adorned the second season in some stunning ways. Part of that team’s precepts have been absorbed into the regular staff’s workload (just look at the gloriously detailed eye close-ups), but since the actual crew behind the studio’s unique beautification process appears to have moved onto Kabaneri‘s upcoming film instead, we won’t be getting moments as gorgeous as this. At least it’s hard to lament having lost their efforts to make the titans look like organic horror creatures, because those haven’t appeared in the show to begin with.
─ The final point I’d like to raise some awareness on is NHK’s recurring disrespectful attitude towards the creators of the series they broadcast. I know it’s hard for western fans to even begin to care about this, but the situation is upsetting enough that the show’s animation producer has been tweeting as much of the credits as possible every week because the TV broadcast is an absolute mess. The series moving to NHK-g was quite the big deal since it’s a very important TV channel with country-wide reach, which means that no other station gets to (or really has to) broadcast this season. Now that would be a very nice thing if they didn’t have a long-running tradition of annoying meddling, which as you can imagine by my tone (and by their president’s), they absolutely do. When it comes to production credits, their nonsensical strict rules limit the number of animators, the presence of other companies, and even the spelling of foreign names. Since WIT’s projects are quite messy too, Attack on Titan is airing on TV with tons of merged and entirely missing roles, which is very upsetting for the people who have worked on it. They’re far from the first creators to be upset at this attitude – look no further than Bahi JD, who was excited about the spectacular ATOM opening he made alongside his friends only to find out that they didn’t even credit all its key animators. Will they stop after having needlessly upset many of the people they rely on? Most likely not!
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