There’s no need to hold back on the praise for this: Fate/Apocrypha #22 was the best animated episode of anime in 2017, one of the greatest outings in general terms, and a genuinely significant moment for this industry. So as much as we find the production notes format useful to provide you the important points of all the shows we cover, this time we’re offering an even more in-depth write-up about everything that made this episode so special. Enjoy!
Storyboard (絵コンテ, ekonte): The blueprints of animation. A series of usually simple drawings serving as anime's visual script, drawn on special sheets with fields for the animation cut number, notes for the staff and the matching lines of dialogue. More, Episode Direction (演出, enshutsu): A creative but also coordinative task, as it entails supervising the many departments and artists involved in the production of an episode – approving animation layouts alongside the Animation Director, overseeing the work of the photography team, the art department, CG staff... The role also exists in movies, refering to the individuals similarly in charge of segments of the film.: Hakuyu Go
Animation Direction (作画監督, sakuga kantoku): The artists supervising the quality and consistency of the animation itself. They might correct cuts that deviate from the designs too much if they see it fit, but their job is mostly to ensure the motion is up to par while not looking too rough. Plenty of specialized Animation Direction roles exist – mecha, effects, creatures, all focused in one particular recurring element.: Hakuyu Go, Yurie Hama, Rio
Key Animation (原画, genga): These artists draw the pivotal moments within the animation, basically defining the motion without actually completing the cut. The anime industry is known for allowing these individual artists lots of room to express their own style.: Bahi JD, Keigo Arihara, ini, Taiki Kobayashi, MYOUN, Naoki Miyajima, Masami Mori, Kinari Tanaka, Yoh Yamamoto, Takumi Sunakohara, Kazuto Arai, Toshi Sada, Tatsuya Miki, Kotetsu Aizu, Toya Oshima, Shinsaku Kozuma, MOAANG, 周浩松, Honyu Yasu, China, Azure, Shinjirou Egawa
Itsuki Tsuchigami, Toshiyuki Sato, Hironori Tanaka, Nakaya Onsen, Hakuyu Go
Sakuga (作画): Technically drawing pictures but more specifically animation. Western fans have long since appropriated the word to refer to instances of particularly good animation, in the same way that a subset of Japanese fans do. Pretty integral to our sites' brand. episode is a simple industry term to refer to those special outings where, rather than peaking in isolated scenes, the production values as a whole go far and beyond the norm. These may happen within already polished shows or as an exception in messier projects, and while uncommon, there’s no rule to dictate that there can only be one such episode per show. Long running series like Naruto, Bleach and the Precure series have been able to achieve that feat multiple times within the same year when circumstances allowed for it, while Yama no Susume‘s second season accomplished it in a span of mere weeks. Episodes like these don’t spawn out of nowhere, of course. A quick glance at the credits will more often than not lead to the revelation that they’re spearheaded by particularly gifted individuals, who in turn are assisted by a melting pot of old veterans and outstanding newcomers. Certain individuals are notorious for their ability to gather talent, acting as Sakuga (作画): Technically drawing pictures but more specifically animation. Western fans have long since appropriated the word to refer to instances of particularly good animation, in the same way that a subset of Japanese fans do. Pretty integral to our sites' brand. shepherds of sorts; Hiroshi “ahoboy” Ikehata, for example, provided modest productions such as Hayate no Gotoku! and Zettai Karen Children with some of the most visually dynamic episodes of their respective years.
With all that in mind, it’s worth mentioning that Apocrypha #22’s merits extend beyond the immediate, thunderous response it’s received ever since it aired. Of course it’s neat to see fans and industry members come together to share their amazement, with the likes of Shingo Yamashita exclaiming his awe over being able to see work of this caliber in a TV episode. As it turns out though, the episode ended up becoming a fairly significant milestone for the anime production and those involved at large – a point we’ll come back to later. It’s those consequences that make it truly special happened, but before any of that, expectations were already on the rise as its broadcast drew closer, spurned by industry whispers and more public events like Nakaya Onsen‘s movie style poster to promote it. Something big was coming, as it became apparent when the staff gathered, making no effort to hide that they were all waiting for the time to come with bated breath. And pizza! Because there ain’t no party like a Sakuga (作画): Technically drawing pictures but more specifically animation. Western fans have long since appropriated the word to refer to instances of particularly good animation, in the same way that a subset of Japanese fans do. Pretty integral to our sites' brand. pizza party.
There’s little sense in making these claims without contextualising them, so let’s shift our attention towards the work itself and the individuals responsible, starting with the unquestionable catalyst of it all: Hakuyu Go. I won’t go into too much detail here as we do have a post dedicated to him in the works, but the reputation he’s already built for himself despite still being a newcomer – he first worked in anime in late 2013, at age 21 – is something you must keep in mind to understand how he manages to attract talent on this scale. While his own skill was no doubt a factor in that, it’s the connections he then built that have propelled him into his current position. He’s surrounded himself with not only the rising stars of the industry, but established veterans as well, and made it a point to prove this when he brought them along to help turn My Hero Academia #12’s clash between All Might and Noumu, which he storyboarded and directed, into a fight that the viewers would never forget. And that was his debut handling part of an episode, the single precedent before he had control over this one! You could make the argument that it’s all coincidence, but it becomes a pretty feeble one when comparing credits tells us that the overwhelming majority of those who helped him on that episode also turned up here, and even more so when others more or less confirm that his net of acquaintances is the real deal.
What about the episode, then? It’s been clear since the beginning that Apocrypha‘s main selling point is the action spectacle. There wouldn’t be an active effort made to bring in Shun Enokido and Takahito Sakazume to supervise it all if that weren’t the case. Hakuyu Go himself was aware of this, hence why his all-star team is composed of people who are more than capable of providing their own unique touch to each and every scene. The beginning of Sieg and Karna’s seemingly world shattering collision shows Takumi Sunakohara and Kazuto Arai, two former Trigger animators who happen to be long time pals, working side by side. Both of them are FX: Shorthand for effects animation – water, fire, beams, that kind of cut. A pillar of Japanese 2D animation. specialists, but their work couldn’t be any different. Sunakohara’s catches the eye right off the bat as his his signature style is almost impossible to miss, feeling something like his personal take on kutsuna lightning – which he’s shown to be fond of – albeit much more scribbly. While the unfortunate curse of ghosting took its toll on his work, he was kind enough to upload it all to his tumblr for all to see. Arai, on the other hand, gets by on the impact and density embedded within each and every cut, particularly when it comes to his explosions that you can almost hear even when watching without audio. Sticking with the theme of Trigger, their young ace Kai Ikarashi also made an appearance, albeit under an alias, to deliver perhaps Astolfo’s most badass scene yet. Another person with clear personal tells that make their attempts to hide go in vain, such as the exaggerated posing and the drawings themselves.
If there were an action moment that stood out for me most however, it would Karna’s decision to make use of Vasavi Shakti and the ensuing results. No effort had been spared in portraying just how obscenely overpowered he is in previous episodes, but this exact moment serves as a means to encompass that to its fullest extent. Industry veteran Toshiyuki Sato kicks it all off as Karna gives up his armour in order to activate the lance’s true form, the mere presence of which razes the entire vicinity. His rough lineart does wonders in characterising the intensity of the flames and the damage caused by them, and although his work ends by this point, they transition over to Karna himself. The authorship there becomes a bit muddy, since according to the animators themselves those sequences were the collaborative work of so many of them that they gave them the name of chimera animation. The experimentation did work out well however, so nothing but praise for my part! And speaking of praise, I’d like to direct some more towards Hakuyu Go due to the episode’s much more refined approach to the composite. It’s no secret that even the animators themselves were tired of seeing poor digital effects drowning their excellent work, but this episode is a very pleasant departure in that regard. With him in control, and after a slightly bitter behind the scenes war, the results were much cleaner, even sporting more attractive bold colors. A feat worthy of thanks!
All that said, it’s also true that Apocrypha is no stranger to character acting, and this episode was no exception. If anything, that’s the aspect where it improved most, and not by coincidence. Webgen (web系): Popular term to refer to the mostly young digital animators that have been joining the professional anime industry as of late; their most notable artists started off gaining attention through gifs and fanmade animations online, hence web generation. It encompasses various waves of artists at this point so it's hardly one generation anymore, but the term has stuck. animators were once criticised as a group of artists capable of nothing but simple regurgitation of flashy action setpieces with no regard for much else. An argument that, while exaggerated, was still worth taking into consideration, but also one that’s simply untrue now. With time comes new generations, and the artists who have stormed onto the show represent that switch in priorities. This new wave of digital animators is first and foremost concerned with character expression, as you might quickly notice when watching their contributions to this episode. Atalanta stands at the forefront of this through her activation of Agrius Metamorphose, a choice which reflects the height of her grief and anger as it’s a Noble Phantasm she would never resort to even in dire circumstances. The transformation is depicted with care during each and every moment she’s on-screen, leaving no means to distinguish between action and character work by this stage. Her loss of reason and hatred towards Jeanne are made clear through the way in which she carries herself while engaging with the latter, giving way to a clash that’s as emotionally charged as it is fierce. The same can be said of Nakaya Onsen‘s take on her ensuing battle with Achilles, but if anything, it’s the aftermath of it all which embodies the idea that this generation have evolved in ways those before them hadn’t; tact and delicacy that works in perfect harmony with Hayami Saori’s incredible voice acting to create a moment that feels genuinely powerful.
Something of a personal note more than anything, but an interesting one nonetheless is the lack of rigid corrections to match the character designs. This isn’t too uncommon for these types of special episodes, but it’s something I adore nonetheless. The inherent value of consistency through corrections is one I fully recognise, especially when the risk of tonal dissonance looms near, but I can’t see the idea of expression through the art itself as anything other than a positive in the long run. That isn’t a request for every show to suddenly embrace it, as there’s a time and place for everything, but can you really deny that design diversity like this isn’t just plain interesting to witness?
Before wrapping up this post, let’s go all the way back to the point about the significance of this episode for the industry as a whole. It’s been made clear already that this was an effort dominated by the work of youngsters, but one thing I’ve yet to touch upon is that Onsen himself confirmed on a stream recently that only 6 of the 27 people credited for Key Animation (原画, genga): These artists draw the pivotal moments within the animation, basically defining the motion without actually completing the cut. The anime industry is known for allowing these individual artists lots of room to express their own style. worked on paper. The digital wave has been taking over the industry more and more, but this is more proof than anything that we’re in the midst of witnessing a true generational change. That being said, the rise of digital artists isn’t going to result in the sudden displacement of older, established talent. The presence of Sato Toshiyuki in this episode is no coincidence; him and many others have a keen understanding of the younger generation’s sensibilities, and have been working together with them for a number of years now. They don’t exist within their own bubble, but rather have a healthy relationship with those that preceded them, allowing for the betterment of one another. It’s clear that Hakuyu Go is viewed as something of a leader figure among them as well, more so when those involved felt the need to proclaim to the whole world that this is Hakuyu Go, which is a positive in and of itself. The future’s bright if someone as capable at forming connections as him can serve as the bridge between generations.
All said and done, this is a landmark achievement that few will forget anytime soon. One that’s not only roused those in the industry already to give it their absolute best, but also one that others believe will link to the future by inspiring a new crop of hopefuls to take the plunge. Keep your eyes peeled, because change is afoot.
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